Advice given is general.  Readers should consult professional counsel for specific legal, ethical, or clinical questions.

The views expressed on this website are the opinions of the authors, based upon their combined education and experience and supported by the professional references cited. Correct and compliant coding depends entirely upon the specific circumstances of each individual case as documented in the medical record pursuant to ICD-10-CM, ICD-10-PCS, current Official Guidelines  for Coding and Reporting, and advice from Coding Clinic. Nothing on this website is intended to modify or replace those authoritative sources, nor does this website in any way establish or recommend any standard of care or particular medical practices.